Human Development Report 2009 : Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development

1 12 2009

URL: http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2009/. Source: UNDP

The report investigates migration in the context of demographic changes and trends in both growth and inequality. It will also present more detailed and nuanced individual, family and village experiences, and explore less visible movements typically pursued by disadvantaged groups such as short term and seasonal migration.





Guerrilla Techniques for Online Activism

1 12 2009

URL: http://www.freevoice.nl/weblog/view/425/. Source: IFEX.

The Southeast Asian Centre for e-Media, a partner of the Netherlands-based foundation Free Voice, has come up with “Guerrilla Techniques for Online Activism” for online journalists and bloggers to freely “pursue their advocacy goals.” Using examples from Malaysia during its election year, the centre outlines some “common guerrilla techniques,” such as using multiple anonymous identities, or teaming up with a ghost writer in another (safer) country who will publish articles as if s/he is the one writing them. The guide also offers tips on how you can protect yourself from government detection, including by getting circumvention software from Sesawe.net.





Funding Report Confirms Challenging Situation for Free Expression Groups

1 12 2009

URL: http://www.ifex.org/international/2009/07/08/ifex_summary_funding.pdf. Source: IFEX.

Organizations promoting freedom of expression are experiencing increasing difficulty finding funding for their work, according to a new study based on the results of a survey of more than 60 IFEX members. The report was released at the Global Forum on Freedom of Expression in Oslo, Norway, in June. The pioneering research looking into recent trends in free expression funding describes a situation where the majority of IFEX members say they are finding it harder now than five years ago to acquire the basic resources to carry out their work – core funding – and what appears to be a shrinking field of possible donors specifically supporting freedom of expression work. Changing donor priorities, finding a suitable fit with members’ work and onerous reporting are just a few of the biggest funding challenges IFEX members face.





The Failed States Index 2009

1 12 2009

URL: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2009/06/22/the_2009_failed_states_index. Source: Foreign Policy.

It is a sobering time for the world’s most fragile countries—virulent economic crisis, countless natural disasters, and government collapse. This year, we delve deeper than ever into just what went wrong—and who is to blame. Yemen may not yet be front-page news, but it’s being watched intently these days in capitals worldwide. A perfect storm of state failure is now brewing there: disappearing oil and water reserves; a mob of migrants, some allegedly with al Qaeda ties, flooding in from Somalia, the failed state next door; and a weak government increasingly unable to keep things running. Many worry Yemen is the next Afghanistan: a global problem wrapped in a failed state.





Confidence in Obama Lifts U.S. Image Around the World: Most Muslim Publics Not So Easily Moved

1 12 2009

URL: http://rs6.net/tn.jsp?et=1102647828087&s=1518&e=001bHYX6l-2ju7c7mNCfDF2qj42V6CqHmKY-Ps4vhk5B2Bu4W1Pn1scStIIJWzkom0iZgabEdkRXlI5mtk5rq3v92DHbtUUbl20Mp1sFe_03Qx70NjSJBpSCJf04qlgnr1rsI-37MoRZZUAdAqmKeQ2ZBYEEm1M_DAo. Source: PEW.

The image of the United States has improved markedly in most parts of the world, reflecting global confidence in Barack Obama. In many countries opinions of the U.S. are now about as positive as they were at the beginning of the decade, before George W. Bush took office. Improvements in the U.S. image have been most pronounced in Western Europe, where favorable ratings have soared. Opinions of America have also become more positive in key countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia. However, the U.S. image has moved little in some predominantly Muslim countries, where deep concerns continue about U.S. policy and America’s role in the world despite the president’s popularity.





Policy challenges in tackling poverty and vulnerability in the Arab region

30 11 2009

URL: http://www.eldis.org/go/country-profiles&id=44044&type=Document. Source: Arab NGO Network for Development.

The Arab region has been particularly vulnerable to the fallout of the global economic crisis as a result of already existing high levels of unemployment, dependency on food imports, widespread conflict and political insecurity and vulnerability to climate change. This paper sheds light on the important policy challenges in the region, reflecting on the effectiveness of current approaches and making recommendations on regional cooperation and areas of social and economic policy-making.





The Jihadist International: Al Qaeda’s Advance in the Levant

30 11 2009

URL: http://www.aei.org/paper/100015. Source: American Enterprise Institute (AEI).

September 11, 2001, marked the coming to the fore of the “jihadist international,” a loosely connected movement of militant and terrorist groups worldwide with a common ideology and increasingly shared tactics and methods. While such groups still have limited recruitment potential eight years on, they have inflicted substantial physical damage and have forced free societies to take costly precautionary measures. Perhaps most alarming, the global jihadist movement has continued simultaneously to feed off of and perpetuate the growing radicalization that Muslim culture has endured over the last few decades.