Africa Publications, June 2011

5 07 2011

A list of recent reports on Africa that were highlighted in the June issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

Political Trends in the African Great Lakes Region
http://www.usip.org/publications/political-trends-in-the-african-great-lakes-region
Despite recent elections in Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda and upcoming elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the Great Lakes region shows worrying trends toward electoral authoritarianism and political fragmentation, with new divisions that intensify the potential for confrontation. Source: U.S. Institute of Peace

Second-Order Effects in Sub-Saharan Africa
http://csis.org/publication/second-order-effects-sub-saharan-africa
The crisis in Libya has raised fears among security analysts that the ongoing conflict will destabilize the already fragile states of the Sahel and strengthen the hand of affiliates of al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) operating in Mauritania, Mali, and Niger. There is good reason for these fears. Source: Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.

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Africa publications, Feb 2011

8 03 2011

A list of recent reports on Africa that were highlighted in the February issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.  

Burundi: From Electoral Boycott to Political Impasse
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/central-africa/burundi/169-burundi-from-electoral-boycott-to-political-impasse.aspx
Burundi risks reversing the decade of progress it has enjoyed since its civil war ended unless the government resumes political dialogue with the opposition.  Source: International Crisis Group.

 Militias, Rebels and Islamist Militants: Human Insecurity and State Crises in Africa
http://www.issafrica.org/pgcontent.php?UID=30496
Explores how armed non-state groups have emerged as key players in African politics and armed conflicts since the 1990s. Source: Institute for Security Studies (ISS)

Somalia: The Transitional Government on Life Support
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/horn-of-africa/somalia/170-somalia-the-transitional-government-on-life-support.aspx
If Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) – incompetent, corrupt and hobbled by weak leadership – does not reform within six months, the international community should withdraw support and concentrate on more effective local administrations. Source: International Crisis Group 

 Understanding Africa’s Contemporary Conflicts: Origins, Challenges and Peacebuilding Source
http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/db900SID/ASAZ-8B4JCA?OpenDocument
This monograph is a collection of papers that were presented at the African Human Security Initiative conference that was held in Addis Ababa in February 2008. Source: Institute for Security Studies (ISS).

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





Sunni and Shi’a Terrorism: Differences that Matter.

21 12 2009

URL: http://www.ciaonet.org/wps/ctc/0015637/f_0015637_13639.pdf. Source: The Combating Terrorism Center at West Point.

There are significant and little appreciated differences in the trajectory of Sunni extremist terrorism and that of Shi’a extremism. The differences exist across six key areas that impact American policy considerations, especially in light of steadily escalating tensions with Iran.





Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq, March 2009

14 12 2009

URL: http://www.cfr.org/publication/19107/measuring_stability_and_security_in_iraq_march_2009.html. Source: U.S. Department of Defense.

The overall security situation continues to slowly improve, with security incidents remaining at the same low levels as experienced in early 2004. In much of the country, a sense of normalcy is returning to everyday life, and citizens are increasingly focused on economic issues and the delivery of essential services. With more Iraqis now describing their neighborhoods as calm, the environment is slowly growing more conducive to economic and infrastructure development.





Report on Progress toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan, January 2009

14 12 2009

URL: http://www.cfr.org/publication/19109/report_on_progress_toward_security_and_stability_in_afghanistan_january_2009.html. Source: U.S. Department of Defense (via Council on Foreign Relations).

The security situation in Afghanistan has deteriorated in several areas of the country since the last report. The spring and summer of 2008 saw the highest levels of violence since the U.S. and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) began their involvement in Afghanistan.





Burma and Transnational Crime.

1 12 2009

URL: http://opencrs.com/document/RL34225/. Source: Congressional Research Service.

Transnational organized crime groups in Burma (Myanmar) operate a multi-billion dollar criminal industry that stretches across Southeast Asia. Trafficked drugs, humans, wildlife, gems, timber, and other contraband flow through Burma, supporting the illicit demands of the region and beyond. Widespread collusion between traffickers and Burmas ruling military junta, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), allows organized crime groups to function with impunity.





Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

1 12 2009

URL: http://opencrs.com/document/RL30588/. Source: Congressional Research Service.

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy Congressional Research Service Summary Upon taking office, the Obama Administration faced a deteriorating security environment in Afghanistan, including an expanding militant presence in some areas, increasing numbers of civilian and military deaths, growing disillusionment with corruption in the government of Afghan President Hamid Karzai, and Pakistans inability to prevent Taliban and other militant infiltration into Afghanistan.