Middle East & North Africa Publications, April 20ll

6 05 2011

A list of recent reports on Middle East and North Africa that were highlighted in the April issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

No News is Good News: Abuses against Journalists by Palestinian Security Forces
http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2011/04/06/no-news-good-news
This report documents cases in which security forces tortured, beat, and arbitrarily detained journalists, confiscated their equipment, and barred them from leaving the West Bank and Gaza. Source: Human Rights Watch

Traveling toward the Rule of Law in the Middle East and North Africa: Avenues and Obstacles
http://www.usip.org/publications/traveling-toward-the-rule-law-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-avenues-and-obstacles
Popular uprisings throughout the Middle East and North Africa are demanding justice, security, and accountability- defining features of the rule of law. Source: United States Institute of Peace

Voices of a Revolution: Conversations with Tunisia’s Youth
http://bit.ly/iNxymJ
Findings from focus groups with young Tunisian men and women conducted March 11 to 24, 2011. Source: National Democratic Institute (NDI)

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





Correcting Course: Victims and the Justice and Peace Law in Colombia

29 01 2010

URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5753&l=1. Source: International Crisis Group.

This report notes that argues that the Uribe government has given much higher priority to military efforts to reestablish security than to defence and promotion of victims’ rights. This discordance has stymied implementation of the 2005 Justice and Peace Law (JPL) and threatens efforts to end impunity, a key cause of the conflict.





Reforming the Judiciary in Pakistan

29 01 2010

URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5728&l=1. Source: International Crisis Group.

This report examines the legacy of military rule that has seen superior courts unwilling to uphold fundamental freedoms. Motivated by self-preservation and self-interest, Pakistan’s superior judiciary has not just failed to oppose Islamic legislation that violates fundamental rights but has also repeatedly failed to uphold the constitution.





Spotlight on Georgia.

11 01 2010

URL: http://fpc.org.uk/fsblob/1079.pdf. Source: Foreign Policy Center.

This new FPC pamphlet examines the growing human rights and governance challenges facing Georgia. It highlights increasing concerns, both internal and international, about Georgian rule of law, media freedom, policing and electoral processes. The pamphlet recommends how Georgia must reform and what the international community should do to support it.





Promoting Human Rights Professionalism in the Liberian Police Force.

11 01 2010

URL: http://www.newtactics.org/en/PromotingProfessionalism. Source: New Tactics in Human Rights.

In this notebook, we learn about the efforts, ability, and commitment of law enforcement personnel–one of the most difficult groups to reach regarding human rights–to address and confront human rights issues and violations from their own perspective and within their own ranks. This tactic provides insights into how the law enforcement profession itself can understand the connection between professionalism and human rights–exposing abuses when they occur–to send signals to government and civil society that action can and must be taken to address abuses.





Controlling Corruption in Local Government in Latin America.

22 12 2009

URL: http://www.csis.org/component/option,com_csis_pubs/task,view/id,5224/type,1/. Source: CSIS.

To address the problem of ethics and transparency in municipal government, the CSIS Americas Program held a conference on November 14, 2008, that brought together mayors of two important Latin American cities, heads of leading NGOs dedicated to good governance, and international donors focused on the topic. The objective of the conference was to identify key problem areas in municipal government with respect to corruption and the means of addressing them through official efforts supported by civil society.





Liberia: Uneven Progress in Security Sector Reform

22 12 2009

URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5867&l=1. Source: International Crisis Group.

This report says despite real progress since the civil war ended in 2003, much more is required to counter public dissatisfaction with the police that has resulted in increasing resort to mob justice. The lack of an agreed strategic concept for use of the new security structures, including the army, means no one knows who would defend the country if a new insurgency broke out or instability spilled over its borders from neighbors.