The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood: Islamist Participation in a Closing Political Environment.

7 04 2010

http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=view&id=40318
Source: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP).

This paper notes that by scaling back its political engagement to focus on a traditional religious, educational, and social agenda, the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood is leaving behind an even greater lack of political competition in the country. The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood has begun to scale back its political engagement because the results have been few, government repression continues, and other opposition groups mistrust the movement. Instead it will focus on a traditional religious, educational, and social agenda. The consequence result will be an even greater lack of political competition.

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Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers. A Revised Edition. ( in Nepali)

5 04 2010

http://www.idea.int/publications/wip2/np.html
Source: International IDEA.

This report examines the obstacles confronted by women when entering politics and presents a range of solutions, such as changing electoral systems and introducing quotas. It also provides strategies for women to influence politics once elected to parliament.





Mixed Views of Hamas and Hezbollah in Largely Muslim Nations

9 03 2010

URL: http://pewglobal.org/reports/display.php?ReportID=268
Source: PEW Research Center.

This is a survey conducted May 18 to June 16, 2009 by the Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project of six predominantly Muslim nations (Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan and Turkey) and the Palestinian territories, as well as the Muslim population of Nigeria and Israel’s Arab population also finds there is limited enthusiasm for most of the Muslim political figures tested on the survey, with the exception of Saudi King Abdullah, who is easily the most popular.
There is also a widespread perception among Muslims that conflict between Sunnis and Shia is not limited to Iraq’s borders, and many Muslims are also convinced there is a struggle between groups who want to modernize and fundamentalists. Also of note, Muslim publics overwhelmingly support educating girls and boys equally.





Uruguay: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

9 03 2010

URL: http://opencrs.com/document/R40909/
Source: Congressional Research Service

On November 29, 2009, Senator José “Pepe” Mujica of the ruling center-left Broad Front coalition was elected president of Uruguay, a relatively economically developed and politically stable South American country of 3.5 million people. Mujica, a former leader of the leftist Tupamaro urban guerilla movement that fought against the Uruguayan government in the 1960s and 1970s, defeated former President Luis Alberto Lacalle (1990-1995) of the center-right National Party in the country’s sixth consecutive democratic election since its 12-year dictatorship ended in 1985. Mujica was forced to contest a runoff after he failed to win an absolute majority of the vote in the October 2009 first-round election.





Understanding China’s Political System

9 03 2010

URL: http://opencrs.com/document/R41007/
Source: Congressional Research Service

This report notes that opaque and shrouded in secrecy, China’s political system and decision-making processes are mysteries to many Westerners. At one level, China is a one-party state that has been ruled by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) since 1949. But rather than being rigidly hierarchical and authoritarian, which is often the assumption, political power in China now is diffuse, complex, and at times highly competitive. Despite its grip on power, the Party and its senior leaders (the Politburo and its Standing Committee) are not always able to dictate policy decisions as they once did. Instead, present-day China’s political process is infused with other political actors that influence and sometimes determine policy.





The Rise of Political Islam in Turkey.

4 02 2010

URL: http://www.rand.org/pallrd/0708/pubs/monographs/MG726/. Source: RAND Corporation.

Turkey, a Muslim-majority country, is pivotal to Western security interests in the Middle East. Although Its ruling party, the AKP, operates within a framework of secular democracy, it also has Islamic roots. This monograph describes the politico-religious landscape in Turkey and evaluates how the balance between secular and religious forces has changed over the past decade.





Sudan’s Southern Kordofan: The Next Darfur?

29 01 2010

URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5738&l=1. Source: International Crisis Group.

This report examines the deteriorating situation in this strategic region between North and South, where both members of the Government of National Unity, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the National Congress Party (NCP), have been dangerously engaged in ethnic polarisation in advance of national elections scheduled for 2009. The kidnapping of nine Chinese oil workers in Southern Kordofan last week illustrates the volatility of the state.