Middle East & North Africa Publications, June 2011

12 07 2011

A list of recent reports on the Middle East & North Africa that were highlighted in the June issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

The Insurgency in Afghanistan’s Heartland
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-asia/afghanistan/207-the-insurgency-in-afghanistans-heartland.aspx
Collusion between insurgent elements and corrupt government officials in Kabul and the nearby provinces has increased, leading to a profusion of criminal networks in the Afghan heartland. Source: International Crisis Group

Investing in a More Robust Public Policy Environment in the Middle East
http://csis.informz.net/CSIS/data/images/rbf_public_policy_paper_final.pdf
The report argues that donors should work to enhance receptivity to public policy discussions, foster sustainable business models for civil society organizations, and create a supply of policy entrepreneurs in the region. Source: Center for Strategic & International Studies

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





Middle East & North Africa Publications, May 2011

1 06 2011

A list of recent reports on the Middle East & North Africa that were highlighted in the May issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

Arab Spring Fails to Improve U.S. Image
http://pewglobal.org/2011/05/17/arab-spring-fails-to-improve-us-image/
With the exception of Indonesia, Obama remains unpopular in the Muslim nations polled, and most disapprove of the way he has handled calls for political change roiling the Middle East. Source: Pew Global Attitudes Project

Constitutional Reform in Transitional States: Challenges and Opportunities Facing Egypt and Tunisia
http://www.usip.org/publications/constitutional-reform-in-transitional-states-challenges-and-opportunities-facing-egypt-
This Peace Brief examines some of the challenges to constitutional reform in transitional states and offers mechanisms for increasing the legitimacy and democratizing effect of constitutional reform. Source: United States Institute of Peace

A Decade of Struggling Reform Efforts in Jordan: The Resilience of the Rentier System
http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/?fa=view&id=43939
Efforts at reform in Jordan have been blocked by a resilient class of political elites and bureaucrats, who fear that such efforts would move the country away from a decades old rentier system to a merit-based one. Source: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





Middle East & North Africa Publications, April 20ll

6 05 2011

A list of recent reports on Middle East and North Africa that were highlighted in the April issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

No News is Good News: Abuses against Journalists by Palestinian Security Forces
http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2011/04/06/no-news-good-news
This report documents cases in which security forces tortured, beat, and arbitrarily detained journalists, confiscated their equipment, and barred them from leaving the West Bank and Gaza. Source: Human Rights Watch

Traveling toward the Rule of Law in the Middle East and North Africa: Avenues and Obstacles
http://www.usip.org/publications/traveling-toward-the-rule-law-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-avenues-and-obstacles
Popular uprisings throughout the Middle East and North Africa are demanding justice, security, and accountability- defining features of the rule of law. Source: United States Institute of Peace

Voices of a Revolution: Conversations with Tunisia’s Youth
http://bit.ly/iNxymJ
Findings from focus groups with young Tunisian men and women conducted March 11 to 24, 2011. Source: National Democratic Institute (NDI)

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





MENA Publications, March 2011

8 04 2011

A list of recent reports on the Middle East and North Africa that were highlighted in the March issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

Iraq and the Kurds: Confronting Withdrawal Fears
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/iraq-syria-lebanon/iraq/103%20Iraq%20and%20the%20Kurds%20Confronting%20Withdrawal%20Fears.aspx
Iraq’s new coalition government and the Kurdistan regional government in Erbil must start talks on disputed internal boundaries or risk an outbreak of violent conflict along a “trigger” line dividing army troops and Kurdish regional guard forces, the peshmergas. Source: International Crisis Group

The Syrian Rift
http://www.brookings.edu/opinions/2011/0327_syria_rabinovich.aspx
Bashar al-Assad’s dictatorship is facing its biggest crisis since he inherited his father’s position in June 2000. Not long ago, in a long, thrilling interview with the Wall Street Journal, Assad spoke about the stability of his regime, in sharp contrast to the crumbling Mubarak regime. Source: Brookings

Yemen between Reform and Revolution
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/iran-gulf/yemen/102-popular-protest-in-north-africa-and-the-middle-east-II-yemen-between-reform-and-revolution.aspx
Unprecedented protests and the regime’s heavy-handed response risk pushing Yemen into widespread violence but also could and should be a catalyst for long overdue, far reaching political reform. Source: International Crisis Group

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





MENA publications, Feb 2011

11 03 2011

A list of recent reports on the Middle East and North Africa that were highlighted in the February issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

At a Crossroads: Human Rights in Iraq Eight Years after the US-led Invasion
http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2011/02/21/crossroads
This report calls on the government to protect the rights of vulnerable groups and to amend its penal code and all other laws that discriminate against women and violate freedom of speech. Source: Human Rights Watch (HRW)

Elections in Egypt: Key Challenges for Credible and Competitive Elections
http://www.ifes.org/Content/Publications/White-Papers/2011/IFES-Releases-Briefing-Paper-on-Egypt-Elections.aspx
IFES has released a briefing paper that serves as a guide to understanding the current electoral system and identifies issues that must be addressed immediately in order to have credible and competitive elections in the near future. Source: International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES)

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (I): Egypt Victorious?
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/north-africa/egypt/101-popular-protest-in-north-africa-and-the-middle-east-I-egypt-victorious.aspx
If Egypt’s popular uprising is to achieve its aspirations for a truly democratic society, street activism will need to be converted into inclusive, institutional politics. Source: International Crisis Group

The Voice of Civil Society in Iraq
http://www.ndi.org/node/17146
During the last quarter of 2010, NDI used its extensive network of partners and contacts throughout the country to interview some of the most active, experienced, and well-respected CSOs in each province. This report summarizes the findings of this survey, providing some insight into the challenges and opportunities that CSOs in Iraq face on a day-to-day basis. Source: National Democratic Institute (NDI)

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





New UN report on poverty and human rights in Afghanistan

20 04 2010

“The report, Human Rights Dimensions of Poverty in Afghanistan, argues that “poverty is neither accidental, nor inevitable in Afghanistan”. Rather, it is caused by and is a consequence of a “massive human rights deficit”. The report calls for a human rights based approach to overcoming poverty: a perspective and analysis that would ensure causes and not just consequences, inform the design and implementation of programmes for the alleviation and elimination of poverty.”

Read more of the summary

Source: UN, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
Download the full report in English or Dari





The Uncertain Politics behind Iraq’s Election

19 04 2010

“Despite the success of the national elections in March 2010, when over two thirds of the population defied threats of violence to cast their ballots—with a particularly strong turnout among Sunnis and Kurds—it is still unclear whether Iraq can form a stable ―national coalition government. If Iraq is successful, it will still take years for the new elected and appointed officials to develop the capacity they need to govern effectively.”

Source: CSIS via Human Security Gateway
http://www.humansecuritygateway.com/documents/CSIS_UncertainPoliticsBehindIraqElection.pdf