Europe & Eurasia Publications, June 2011

12 07 2011

A list of recent reports on Europe & Eurasia that were highlighted in the June issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

EU anti-corruption requirements: measuring progress in Albania, Kosovo, FYR Macedonia and Turkey
http://bit.ly/k308Oy
Albania, Kosovo, FYR Macedonia and Turkey must do more to guarantee the effective implementation of anti-corruption laws, according to a report from Transparency International, which calls on the governments to build capacity and improve governance in key institutions. Source: Transparency International

Georgia’s Choices: Charting a Future in Uncertain Times
http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/?fa=view&id=44553
Georgia is entering a period of transition, with parliamentary and presidential elections due in 2012-2013, after which a new constitution will take effect. Source: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

The New Role of Central and Eastern Europe in International Democracy Support
http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/?fa=view&id=44375
The democracy promotion efforts of these countries-countries that are still grappling with some domestic democracy issues of their own-have been limited in scope and inconsistent, ad hoc, and given a low priority at times. Still, these countries have very recent, in fact ongoing experience with democratization that gives them valuable expertise and perspectives that other donors do not have, and therefore special credibility in the eyes of recipients. Source: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





Middle East & North Africa Publications, June 2011

12 07 2011

A list of recent reports on the Middle East & North Africa that were highlighted in the June issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

The Insurgency in Afghanistan’s Heartland
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-asia/afghanistan/207-the-insurgency-in-afghanistans-heartland.aspx
Collusion between insurgent elements and corrupt government officials in Kabul and the nearby provinces has increased, leading to a profusion of criminal networks in the Afghan heartland. Source: International Crisis Group

Investing in a More Robust Public Policy Environment in the Middle East
http://csis.informz.net/CSIS/data/images/rbf_public_policy_paper_final.pdf
The report argues that donors should work to enhance receptivity to public policy discussions, foster sustainable business models for civil society organizations, and create a supply of policy entrepreneurs in the region. Source: Center for Strategic & International Studies

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





Africa Publications, April 2011

6 05 2011

A list of recent reports on Africa that were highlighted in the April issue of the Democracy Resource Center Bulletin.

Elections and Violence in Nigeria: The Question of Citizenship in Sub-Saharan Africa
http://bit.ly/mxqMx4
Since its independence in 1960, Nigeria’s ruling civilian and military elites have never engaged their fellow citizens in the type of robust civil discourse that would have allowed them to confront the critical issue of citizenship. Source: Brookings.

Politics and Transition in the New South Sudan
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/horn-of-africa/sudan/172-politics-and-transition-in-the-new-south-sudan.aspx
Now that South Sudan’s referendum is complete and its independence from the North all but formalised, focus must increasingly shift to the political agenda at home. Source: International Crisis Group

Zimbabwe: The Road to Reform or Another Dead End?
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/southern-africa/zimbabwe/173-zimbabwe-the-road-to-reform-or-another-dead-end.aspx
The situation in Zimbabwe is deteriorating again under a new wave of political violence organised by Robert Mugabe’s ZANU-PF party, and the country faces another illegitimate election and crisis unless credible, enforceable reforms can first be implemented. Source: International Crisis Group

Inclusion of a publication does not imply ownership or endorsement by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED); rather, these are publications that the Democracy Resource Center believes would be of interest to NED staff and others interested in democracy promotion.





Transparency and Accountability in Angola

19 04 2010

“Angola remains an example of the problems that plague a resource-rich state. It relies on a centrally controlled major revenue stream and is therefore not reliant on domestic taxation or a diversified economy to function. Its rulers have unique opportunities for self-enrichment and corruption, especially because there is not enough transparency or political space for the public to hold them accountable. There are enormous disincentives to relinquish political power because it is also a path to economic enrichment.”

Source: Human Rights Watch via Zunia
http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/angola0410webwcover_1.pdf





Africa Education Watch: Good governance lessons for primary education

1 04 2010

http://www.transparency.org/content/download/50164/802844/Africa_Education_Watch_eng.pdf
Source: Transparency International.

This report shows that despite ten years of efforts to increase school enrollment through the Education for All initiative and the Millennium Development Goals, deficient or non-existent governance systems and practices are limiting progress.





Africa Development Indicators 2010

22 03 2010

URL: http://go.worldbank.org/RGRGCTXY80
Source: The World Bank

The new World Bank report on Africa Development Indicators 2010 sheds light on a kind of “quiet corruption” in Africa, which is severely affecting that continent’s poor and endagering future development. The report focuses on the way “quiet corruption”, the failure of public servants to deliver goods or services paid for by governments – is pervasive and widespread across Africa and is having a disproportionate effect on the poor, with long-term consequences for development leads to an increasingly negative expectation of service delivery systems, causing families to ignore the system. Access the online indicators database and the read the essay on the key findings of the report.





Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

9 03 2010

URL: http://opencrs.com/document/RS21968/
Source: Congressional Research Service

This report notes that Iraq’s political system, the result of a U.S.-supported election process, is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition rather than violence, as well as by cross-sectarian alliances. However, ethnic and factional infighting continue to affect national decision making and security. Some believe that Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, strengthened politically by the January 31, 2009, provincial elections, is increasingly authoritarian, in part to ensure that he holds power after the planned March 2010 national elections. Maliki is widely assessed as gaining control of the security services and building new security organs loyal to him personally.