Libya/Chad: Beyond Political Influence

8 04 2010

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?l=1&id=6561
Source: International Crisis Group.

This report examines the evolution of Tripoli’s policy towards its neighbour from open imperialism to support in peace negotiations with armed rebels and with Sudan. Libya has been the most important country for Chad since Gaddafi came to power in 1969, but its approach has had mixed results.

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Troubled Partnership: U.S.-Turkish Relations in an Era of Global Geopolitical Change

7 04 2010

http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG899/
Source: RAND Corporation.

This report notes a strong security partnership with Turkey has been an important element of U.S. policy for the last five decades. However, in the last few years, U.S.-Turkish relations have seriously deteriorated, and today they are badly in need of repair. The arrival of a new administration in Washington presents an important opportunity to put Washington’s relations with Ankara on a firmer footing. Turkey plays a critical role in four areas of increasing strategic importance to the United States: the Balkans, Central Asia and the Caucasus, the Middle East, and the Persian Gulf. In each of these areas, Ankara’s cooperation is vital to achieving U.S. policy objectives.





Morocco: Current Issues

7 04 2010

http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA514804&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf
Source: Congressional Research Service.

The United States government views Morocco as a moderate Arab regime, an ally against terrorism, and a free trade partner. King Mohammed VI retains supreme power but has taken incremental liberalizing steps. Since 9/11, Moroccan expatriates have been implicated in international terrorism, and Morocco has suffered terror attacks. Morocco takes a proactive approach to countering terror, but some of its measures may be setting back progress in human rights.





The Iraq Effect: The Middle East After the Iraq War

7 04 2010

http://www.rand.org/pallrd/0310/pubs/monographs/MG892/
Source: RAND.

This report offers a comprehensive and nuanced assessment of how the toppling of Saddam Hussein and the civil strife that followed are reshaping the greater Middle East. The authors capture the diplomatic, political, and economic dimensions of the region today and offer valuable lessons for US policymakers.”





The Economics of Influencing Iran

7 04 2010

http://www.brookings.edu/reports/2010/03_economic_pressure_iran_maloney.aspx
Source: Brookings Institution.

In this Middle East Memo, Suzanne Maloney takes a detailed look at the challenges of implementing an effective sanctions policy to halt Iranian nuclear enrichment. In reviewing the current diplomatic landscape, Iran’s domestic situation and the Iranian regime’s historical responses to economic pressure, Maloney argues that sanctions can only achieve modest objectives, and proposes strategies for gaining international support and achieving these objectives.





Terrorism and Indo-Pakistani Escalation

5 04 2010

http://www.cfr.org/publication/21042/
Source: Council on Foreign Relations.

This report notes that India faces the real prospect of another major terrorist attack by Pakistan-based terrorist organizations in the near future, an event that would jeopardize important U.S. security interests in South Asia. Daniel Markey examines the factors that would condition India’s response, the consequences of Indian military retaliation and Pakistani counterretaliation for the United States, and Washington’s policy options for preventing and containing the crisis.





North Korea under Tightening Sanctions

5 04 2010

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?l=1&id=6562
Source: International Crisis Group.

This briefing warns that although it appears stable on the outside, the regime has been shaken by tough international sanctions, several domestic challenges and the consequences of its own extremely poor policy choices. The internal problems could have unanticipated implications for regional and wider international security.