Online Publications

2 05 2007
  • A Few Good Web Analytics Tools, http://tinyurl.com/yspxu8. Learn what to consider when choosing an analytics package, and discover free tools and robust applications that can help you better understand your site’s visitors.
  • The Arab World Competitiveness Report 2007, http://tinyurl.com/2wovdm. A report by the World Economic Forum. “The United Arab Emirates is the most competitive economy in the Arab world among the countries in the third and most advanced stage of development according to The Arab World Competitiveness Report 2007, released today by the World Economic Forum. It is followed by Qatar and Kuwait. Among countries in the second stage of development, Tunisia and Oman are the best performing Arab economies, while Egypt is the regional best performer in the third group of countries.”
  • China Could Use “Antiaccess” Strategies to Counter U.S. Military Superiority, http://tinyurl.com/2ze2rl. A Rand publication. “China could potentially defeat the United States in a future military conflict over Taiwan by using strategies designed to limit U.S. military access to the area. The U.S. should take short- and long-term steps to mitigate the Chinese antiaccess threat.”
  • China’s Economic Prospects 2006-2020, http://tinyurl.com/ypltrl. “A new Carnegie Paper studies the impact of China’s accession to the WTO and projects different economic paths for China over the next 15 years using computable general equilibrium models. Projections to 2020 show that the most dramatic difference between a benign global environment and a more conflicted one is felt by China’s poor rural households. WTO accession, while generally beneficial for the Chinese economy, increased the already pronounced disparity between urban and rural households. The paper identifies the challenges Chinese policymakers face as they attempt to improve distribution along with growth.”
  • Cold War Offers Lessons on Engaging with the Muslim World, http://tinyurl.com/32w2wd. A Rand publication. “Just as it fought the spread of Communism during the Cold War, the United States must do more to develop and support networks of moderate Muslims who are too often silenced by violent radical Islamists.”
  • The Collaborative State, http://tinyurl.com/2rew45. A publication by Demos (UK). “This collection of essays by leading thinkers and practitioners assesses how far we have already come towards a more collaborative style of government and sets out international case studies of some of the most interesting initiatives to date. It concludes by asking how future governments can use collaboration as a key design principle for transforming the country’s public services.”
  • The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global: War on Terror Operations Since 9/11, www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33110.pdf. This Congressional Research Service report examines war costs since Sept. 11, 2001, covering funding for specific operations and agencies, trends and future costs, war cost issues (such as gaps and discrepancies), and related topics. Opens directly into a PDF file. From the Federation of American Scientists (FAS). Note: “The Congressional Research Service does not make its publications directly available online.”
  • Darfur: Revitalising the Peace Process, http://tinyurl.com/yrygb4. An International Crisis Group report that proposes a comprehensive strategy to achieve a political settlement and end the tragedy. While there has been marginally less fighting for two months, the security situation has deteriorated since the government and one of three rebel factions signed the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) in May 2006. Peace will remain elusive unless the international community coordinates better to surmount obstacles, including the ruling National Congress Party’s pursuit of military victory and increasing rebel divisions.
  • Ethnic polarization and the duration of civil wars, http://tinyurl.com/3yx9x7. A World Bank Policy Research Working Papers. “The authors analyze the relationship between ethnic polarization and the duration of civil wars. Several recent papers have argued that the uncertainty about the relative power of the contenders in a war will tend to increase its duration. In these models, uncertainty is directly related to the relative size of the contenders. The authors argue that the duration of civil wars increases the more polarized a society is. Uncertainty is not necessarily linked to the structure of the population but it could be traced back to the measurement of the size of the different groups in the society. Given a specific level of measurement error or uncertainty, more polarization implies lengthier wars. The empirical results show that ethnically polarized countries have to endure longer civil wars than ethnically less polarized societies.”
  • In the Shadow of the Iraq War: America in Arab Eyes, http://tinyurl.com/25hqph. A Brookings article. “The war has significantly altered the distribution of power and the calculations of governments in the region, and has widened the gap between governments and publics. In Iraq, Lebanon and the Palestinian territories, central authority has been significantly weakened since the war and non-state militant actors have correspondingly been strengthened. Washington had hoped that a stable, pro-American Iraq, aided by the presence of significant American forces on its soil, would enhance America’s projection of power in the region. While America retains much power in the Middle East, certainly more than any other state, there is a regional perception that the United States has been weakened.”
  • Iraq and the Kurds: Resolving the Kirkuk Crisis, www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4782&l=1. An International Crisis Group report that examines the northern Iraqi city and region that are ethnically mixed and rich in oil. Two factors are to blame for growing tensions: Kurdistan Regional Government insistence on a status referendum by year’s end, despite bitter Arab and Turkoman community opposition; and exploitation by Jihadi fighters, who have found fertile ground for chaos by exacerbating communal tensions.
  • Latin America@Risk: A Global Risk Network Briefing, www.weforum.org/pdf/grn/LatinAmericaRisk.pdf. A World Economic Forum report produced by the Forum’s Global Risk Network. The report emphasizes the uncertainty surrounding external economic shocks, global climate change, political instability and social inequality, and its effect on regional growth and welfare. The report notes the increasing strength and robustness of Latin America’s economies, while exploring the key economic, environmental, geopolitical and societal issues that put that progress at risk. While all four of these issues emerge from the broader global risk environment, the regional manifestations present particular challenges for governments, industry and civil society throughout Latin America.
  • Northern Uganda: Seizing the Opportunity for Peace, www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4791&l=1. An International Crisis Group report the examines the ten-month-old peace process between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government. Both sides have agreed to renew their cessation of hostilities agreement and restart the Juba negotiation that stalled early this year. However, to achieve lasting peace, a more comprehensive strategy is needed both to address the conditions that have created a cycle of conflict in northern Uganda and guard against destabilisation in neighbouring Congo and Sudan.
  • People In Aid Code of Good Practice – in the management and support of aid personnel, www.peopleinaid.org/code/. The People In Aid Code of Good Practice is a management tool that helps development and humanitarian relief agencies enhance the quality of their human resources management. It is a comprehensive and sector specific framework relevant to organisations of any shape or size. The Code is the result of years of international collaboration by a wide range of NGOs both international and national, from many countries. As a management framework, it is also an important part of organisations’ efforts to improve standards, accountability and transparency amid the challenges of addressing poverty, disaster and conflict. For organisations that wish to show their accountability to their staff and volunteers, the code offers verification and certification using social audit.
  • National Endowment for Democracy’s 2007 Strategy Document, www.ned.org/publications/documents/strategy2007.pdf. Every five years the Endowment’s Board of Directors approves a document that outlines the Endowment’s programmatic objectives for the period ahead. It includes an assessment of the perceived obstacles to democracy and democracy promotion efforts throughout the world and proposes ways to overcome them.
  • NGO Principles, http://usinfo.state.gov/dhr/democracy.html. Recognizing that non-governmental organizations (NGOs)* are essential to the development and success of free societies and that they play a vital role in ensuring accountable, and democratic government. Available in English as well as links in Russian, Farsi, Arabic, Spanish, French, and Chinese.
  • Supporting Human Rights and Democracy: The U.S. Record – 2006, www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/shrd/2006/. This report is submitted to the Congress by the Department of State in compliance with Section 665 of P.L. 107-228, the FY 03 Foreign Relations Authorization Act, which requires the Department to report on actions taken by the U.S. Government to encourage respect for human rights. This fifth annual submission complements the longstanding Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2006, and takes the next step, moving from highlighting abuses to publicizing the actions and programs the United States has employed to end those abuses.
  • The Training Manual for African Regulators, http://tinyurl.com/l5utw. This manual is a product of the newly established African Centre of Excellence on Policy and Regulation for Media Pluralism and Diversity. The activities of the Network are facilitated by ARTICLE 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression. Participation in the Network is open to everyone interested in policy and regulation for pluralism and diversity in Africa.
  • Understanding Political Corruption in Low Income Countries, http://tinyurl.com/2w7lex. A Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Faculty Research Working Paper Series. “Building on the large and growing empirical literature on the political behavior of individuals in low income countries this chapter seeks to understand corruption through the lens of political economy — particularly in terms of the political and economic differences between rich and poor countries. Our focus is on the political behavior of individuals exposed to democratic political institutions. We review the existing literature on the determinants of individual political behavior to ask whether we can understand the choice of political actors to be corrupt and, importantly, of other individuals to permit it, as a rational response to the social or the economic environment they inhabit. We also discuss the implications of this view of corruption for anti-corruption policies.”
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