Online Publications

9 02 2007
  • 2007 Human Rights Watch Report, http://www.hrw.org/wr2k7/index.htm.

  • 2007 Index of Economic Freedom, http://www.heritage.org/index/. A Heritage Foundation publication. “The 2007 Index of Economic Freedom measures and ranks 161 countries across 10 specific freedoms, things like tax rates and property rights. View scores and rankings for any country, along with detailed data and background analysis.”

  • African Studies Thesaurus, http://www.ascleiden.nl/Library/Thesaurus/. Developed as an indexing and retrieval tool for the African Studies Centre (ASC) library collection, the African Studies Thesaurus covers the broad field of African studies, with an emphasis on the social sciences and humanities. It contains some 5,200 English descriptors (or preferred terms) and an additional 6,900 non-preferred terms which guide the user to preferred terms. Specific Africa-related descriptors include the names of countries and regions, ethnic groups, African languages, African polities and political parties in Africa. The online resource is developed and maintained by staff at the ASC library whose aims are to facilitate the identification of relevant indexing terminology and provide a tool for managing African Studies information resources in general.

  • Anti-trafficking in persons resource manual, http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADH452.pdf.

  • Avoiding Conflict in the Horn of Africa, http://www.isn.ethz.ch/pubs/ph/details.cfm?lng=en&id=14808. A report by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). This paper examines the situation in the Horn of Africa and suggests what the US needs to do to address the multiple challenges to regional stability. The report calls for a dialogue with Ethiopia and Eritrea to resolve the border conflict, something that would also contribute to stability in Somalia. The author argues that failure to resolve the Ethiopian-Eritrean dispute could exacerbate governance, health and humanitarian problems, and set back US efforts to fight terrorists increasingly drawn to the area.

  • Civil society and advocacy, http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADH523.pdf. “This manual on Advocacy and Civil Society was adapted from Pact Tanzania’s Legislative Roadmap: A Guide for Civil Society Organizations in Tanzania, Part Two. This manual outlines ways that civil society and citizens can be involved in the political process and work in partnership with government to create policies and laws. Also presented is the role of advocates in the political process and the steps one must take to initiate an advocacy campaign. Along with a description of advocacy, there is information in this manual on leadership in Tanzania.”

  • Cuba: Issues for the 109th Congress, http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32730.pdf.

  • The Georgia/Abkhazia Conflict: Ways Forward, http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4619&l=1. An International Crisis Group report. “The latest report from the International Crisis Group, argues that Georgia and Abkhazia should focus this year on confidence building and practical cooperation rather than seeking solutions to key political issues, in particular final status, which have little hope of success in the current political environment. Fourteen years of negotiation have done little to resolve the conflict, and the stalemate has solidified each side’s distorted, negative view of the other. Diplomacy has been frozen since mid-2006, when Georgia launched a military operation in the Kodori valley. In this fragile situation, neither side should take steps that could be interpreted by the other as provocative or undermine the little trust that exists.”

  • Global Integrity Index 2006, http://www.globalintegrity.org/data/2006index.cfm. A report by Global Integrity. “Despite widespread public support for higher ethical standards in government, the laws and practices designed to combat corruption and prevent abuses of power in countries around the world continue to be inconsistent and too often are ineffectual. This according to a major investigative report released yesterday by Global Integrity, an international nonprofit organization that tracks governance and corruption trends around the world. The 43-country study covers some of America’s foremost trading partners and diplomatic allies, major emerging markets, and some of the poorest countries in the world. The report is the product of several months of on the ground reporting and data gathering by a team of 200 in-country journalists and researchers. Among the key findings are that weaknesses associated with political financing – the nexus between money and power – are the number one anti- corruption challenge facing both developing and wealthy nations. In addition, Global Integrity’s research reveals that poor legislative accountability is consistently a problem across nations and runs the risk of hindering prospects for enacting long-term anti-corruption reforms.”

  • Haiti transition initiative: reflections on program strategy and strengths 2004-2006, http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACI044.pdf. Report produced by USAID. Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance and the Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI).

  • Human Security Brief 2006, http://www.humansecuritybrief.info/. While the concept of human security is a relatively new one, there is a growing consensus that the subject is one that will continue to be of the utmost importance in the coming years. Generally, the term is used to describe “the complex of interrelated threats associated with civil war, genocide and the displacement of populations.” Recently, the Human Security Centre (located at the University of British Columbia) published its annual Human Security Brief, and placed it online at this site. The report analyzes the findings of several datasets that track trends in such areas as organized violence against civilians and the conclusion of armed conflicts worldwide. While this ambitious work does have some positive findings to announce, there are a number of other troubling trends, such as the fact that four of the world’s six regions have experienced increased numbers of conflicts since 2002.

  • Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses, http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/78547.pdf

  • Iraq, Women’s Empowerment and Public Policy, http://tinyurl.com/yse6bc. A report from the Strategic Studies Institute The role and experience of women is not always considered in wartime or during stabilization and reconstruction operations. In Iraq, it is essential to consider women’s needs and the obstacles they now face. The author examines some of the difficulties that attend policy formulation on Iraqi women, who have identified the security situation and basic services as their top priorities. Issues and contours of family law are explained, as the future of family law in emerging Iraq is yet undetermined. Along with an increased political presence, legal reforms, together with educational and employment opportunities, have been the planks of women’s changing status throughout the Middle East. How these are resolved will speak to the success of policy concerning women in Iraq.

  • Islam: Sunnis and Shiites, http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS21745.pdf. A CRS Report for Congress. “The majority of the world’s Muslim population follows the Sunni branch of Islam, and approximately 10-15% of all Muslims follow the Shiite (Shi’ite, Shi’a, Shia) branch. Shiite populations constitute a majority in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, and Azerbaijan. There are also significant Shiite populations in Afghanistan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Yemen. Sunnis and Shiites share most basic religious tenets. However, their differences sometimes have been the basis for religious intolerance, political infighting, and sectarian violence. This report1 includes a historical background of the Sunni-Shiite split and discusses the differences in religious beliefs and practices between and within each Islamic sect as well as their similarities. The report also relates Sunni and Shiite religious beliefs to discussions of terrorism and Iraq that may be of interest during the first session of the 110th Congress.”

  • Journalism Put to the Sword in 2006, http://tinyurl.com/2epy6x. The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) released its annual report on journalists and media staff killed last year, confirming that the death toll of at least 155 killed and 22 accidental deaths has marked out 2006 as the bloodiest year on record for journalism worldwide. The IFJ report – Journalism Put to the Sword in 2006 – provides a detailed account of the deaths, including 69 deaths in Iraq alone. The Federation says the report provides a challenge to employers and governments to do more to improve levels of security and safety. The IFJ says that media leaders such as Reuters, the BBC and CNN have used their global reputation alongside regional networks, including some leading members of the European Broadcasting Union, to help pioneer a safety culture – but the industry as a whole is “still in deficit” when it comes to reducing the risks journalists and media staff face.

  • Latin America: Energy supply, political developments, and U.S. policy approaches, http://cnie.org/NLE/CRSreports/06Nov/RL33693.pdf. A CRS Report. “Western Hemisphere countries supply the United States with almost 50% of its imported oil and petroleum products. Three countries in the hemisphere – Canada, Mexico, and Venezuela – account for the lion’s share. Other significant oil producers in the region include Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago, and Argentina.”

  • The New Post-Conflict Strategy: Building Domestic Capacity for Reform, http://www.cipe.org/publications/fs/pdf/122906.pdf. Post-conflict reconstruction is a much-discussed topic due to the many high-profile countries featured regularly in the news. To explore the topic further, CIPE has recently published an Economic Reform Feature Service article, “The New Post-Conflict Strategy: Building Domestic Capacity for Reform” by Aleksandr Shkolnikov. The author argues that while humanitarian assistance plays a valuable role in post-conflict reconstruction, it is impossible to achieve lasting peace, democracy, and prosperity unless local groups get involved and become grassroots drivers of institutional reforms aimed at building democratic market economies.

  • Poverty and Civil War: What Policymakers Need To Know, http://tinyurl.com/28893a. “From Indonesia to Sierra Leone, civil war has massively disrupted existing economic and social structures. These countries are but two of the many across the world that are besieged with such problems, and this latest working paper from the Global and Economy Development Group within the Brookings Institution provides some detailed information on the relationship between poverty and civil war specifically designed for policymakers. Authored by Susan E. Rice, Corinne Graff, and Janet Lewis, this 30-page paper explains some of the reasons that poor countries are at increased risk of becoming embroiled by civil war and related conflicts. Some of these reasons include the fact that education levels tend to be low in poor countries and these countries also tend to be natural resource dependent, a relationship that the authors observe would benefit from additional research.”

  • Programming for Justice: Access for All. A Practitioner’s Guide to a Human Rights-Based Approach to Access to Justice, http://tinyurl.com/25hqka. “This comprehensive programming guide aims to help practitioners design human rights-based access to justice projects. It introduces a holistic model of access to justice, provides guidance on how to programme and prioritize access to justice strategies, and maps a large number of capacity development strategies of justice system institutions and processes. Strategies are divided into those: 1. developing capacity for inclusive legal frameworks; 2. developing capacity of institutions to provide services; and 3. developing capacity of people to seek and obtain remedies for grievances. The needs of disadvantaged and vulnerable groups are given special emphasis.”

  • Roots of Radical Islam in Central Asia, http://tinyurl.com/yr4q59. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. In this Carnegie Paper, Roots of Radical Islam in Central Asia, senior associate Martha Brill Olcott explores the actions of regional Islamic communities, particularly in Uzbekistan, to protest against governments that are “both largely unresponsive and [made up] almost entirely by those who reject the teachings of Islam” – actions that include the evolution of the jihadi movements and the rise of key Islamic clerics and leaders.

  • State of the World’s children 2007: women and children: the double dividend of gender equality, http://www.unicef.org/sowc07/docs/sowc07.pdf. The 2007 State of the World’s Children report examines the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives – and outlines what must be done to eliminate gender discrimination and empower women and girls. It looks at the status of women today, discusses how gender equality will move all the Millennium Development Goals forward, and shows how investment in women’s rights will ultimately produce a double dividend: advancing the rights of both women and children.
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