Online Publications

11 01 2007

2007 Statistical Abstract, http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/. The authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States.

Afghanistan in 2006: A Survey of the Afghan People, http://www.asiafoundation.org/pdf/AG-survey06.pdf. A report from the Asia Foundation, it reflects perceptions of democracy, security, poppy cultivation, and the 2005 parliamentary elections — as well as attitudes towards governing institutions, the role of women and Islam in society, and the impact of media. It was conducted between June and August 2006 and consists of a random sample of 6,226 in-person interviews with Afghan men and women, 18 years of age and above, from different social, economic, and ethnic communities. Rural and urban areas in 32 of the 34 provinces were covered, with Uruzgan and Zabul — representing approximately 1.1 percent and 1.2 percent of the population, respectively — excluded due to extreme security conditions.

Avoiding Conflict in the Horn of Africa: U.S. Policy Toward Ethiopia and Eritrea, http://tinyurl.com/y5aync. A report by the Council on Foreign Relations. “Avoiding Conflict in the Horn of Africa: U.S. Policy Toward Ethiopia and Eritrea, commissioned by the Council’s Center for Preventive Action and written by Terrence Lyons, presents a full picture of what is going on in this neglected part of the world and suggests what the United States needs to do to address the multiple challenges to stability. The report calls for a dialogue with Ethiopia and Eritrea to resolve the border conflict, something that would also contribute to stability in Somalia. The case for trying is a good one, as the report makes clear that failure to resolve the Ethiopian-Eritrean dispute could exacerbate governance, health, and humanitarian problems, and set back U.S. efforts to fight terrorists increasingly drawn to the area.”

Backgrounder: Sudan, Chad, and the Central African Republic Source: Council on Foreign Relations, http://tinyurl.com/y5qfar. The conflict in Sudan’s Darfur region increasingly threatens two neighboring countries—Chad and the Central African Republic. Here is a look at the major actors and how each country’s government has addressed—or exacerbated—the crisis.

Brand China, http://www.isn.ethz.ch/pubs/ph/details.cfm?lng=en&id=20690. A report by Foreign Policy Centre (FPC), London, UK. This publication discusses the national image of China. The author argues that the misalignment between China’s image of itself and how it is viewed by the rest of the world may be China’s greatest strategic threat. The country’s most important strategic issues, challenges as diverse as sustaining economic growth and the threat of Taiwanese independence, have at their root a shared connection to China’s national image. The paper argues that alongside its other reforms, China needs a “fifth transition” if trust and understanding necessary for the next stage of its development are to be achieved.

Community Radio: Ready to launch in Bangladesh, http://www.bnnrc.net/publication/Readytolaunch.pdf. Created by the Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication (BNNRC) with the congenial support from Cordaid- Netherlands through ‘Promoting Appropriate Technologies and Policies to uphold the Value ICT as Basic Human Rights’. This booklet highlights the present scenario of Community Radio (CR) in Bangladesh and discusses the importance of Community Radio in the context of globalisation and current main streaming media practice.

Decentralization and human development: findings and recommendations from a review of national human development reports, http://tinyurl.com/y34umo. This study looks at some of the many ideas and approaches used by the Human Development Reports (HDRs) to address decentralisation in specific countries and communities from a human development perspective.

Dilemmas of third party involvement in peace processes: reflections for policy and practice from Colombia and the Philippines, http://tinyurl.com/sku6w. A publication by Conciliation Resources (CR) that describes third parties’ different characteristics, as well as offering insights into the dilemmas they face in the course of their involvement in peace processes and how these can be addressed in practice.

The dos and don’ts of sustainable banking: a BankTrack manual: A manual for sustainable banking, http://tinyurl.com/yecsna. “Aimed at the banking community, this manual provides an overview of actions these institutions can take to become more sustainable. Its starting point is the Collevecchio Declaration. This declaration was launched in January 2003 and endorsed by over 200 civil society organisations. It outlines the unique role and responsibility the financial sector has in advancing sustainability and continues to be civil society’s benchmark of measuring sustainability in the banking sector. Following the six commitments framed in the Collevecchio Declaration, this manual outlines what banks should do to make their operations more sustainable. The six commitments are responsibility, accountability, transparency, sustainable markets and governance, and ‘do no harm’. Each section provides practical steps forward, paying attention to both content and implementation aspects. These steps apply to all activities undertaken by banks, whether they are retail banking, commercial banking, investment banking or asset management.”

Gallup Launches Worldwide Corruption Index, http://www.galluppoll.com/content/?ci=25612. With the launch of the Gallup World Poll, respondents in more than 100 nations around the globe are being asked for their opinions in a variety of areas — but perhaps none is more important than their likelihood to feel corruption is common in their countries. The 2006 Gallup Corruption Index is calculated from the responses in 101 countries to two simple questions.

Implacable Adversaries: Arab Governments and the Internet, http://www.openarab.net/en/reports/net2006/. This report by Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (HRinfo) handles the policies and tactics adopted by 18 Arab countries in dealing with the internet.

Nepal’s Peace Agreement: Making it Work, http://tinyurl.com/y54j5z. This report from the International Crisis Group, examines the comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) between Nepal’s government and Maoist rebels signed on 21 November 2006 after months of difficult negotiations following the April 2006 mass movement that ended King Gyanendra’s direct rule. It focuses on the talks, the shape of the peace deal, the new positions and tactics of the key actors and the challenges ahead.

Project ‘si, se puede! anti-corruption – Ecuador’: final report, September 2003-May 19, 2006, http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACI038.pdf.

Restructuring Relations Between the Western and Islamic Countries, http://tinyurl.com/v5qg6. A new publication by Strategic Foresight Group (SFG). This paper summarizes the conclusions of a November 2006 roundtable on Western-Islamic relations. The roundtable participants conclude that a number of conditions must be met if relations between the Islamic world and the West are to be repaired. In particular, they emphasize the need to find an urgent, fair and sustainable solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; to create a mechanism to address wider security and cooperation issues between Western and Islamic countries; and to stress global acceptance of the three Ds: democracy, development and dialogue.

Taking stock: Afghan women and girls five years on, http://tinyurl.com/yllgo5. “This research shows that five years after the fall of the Taliban regime the gains made on paper for women and girls are not matched in reality when you look at what is happening on the ground. Set in a table format around key women’s rights issues, this balance sheet draws together a wide range of research and anecdotal evidence collected from national and international sources. In doing so, this report not only aims to provide a resource for agencies working on women’s rights in Afghanistan, but also hopes to raise awareness of the current situation and as such call the International Community to urgent action.”

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