Online Publications

6 10 2006
  • Abkhazia Today, http://tinyurl.com/g6x27. An International Crisis Group report. “The Georgian-Abkhaz conflict will continue to fester unless both sides take a new approach to build mutual respect. Abkhazia Today, the latest report from the International Crisis Group, examines the causes of the conflict, current conditions in breakaway Abkhazia, and reforms affecting internally displaced ethnic Georgians, as well as the implications these have for ultimately resolving the conflict.”
  • Democracy under the gun: understanding post-conflict economic recovery, http://tinyurl.com/ekvxu. This paper analyses why some countries’ economies recover from domestic armed conflicts more quickly than others. The document attempts to explain these differences by developing a set of propositions regarding the effects of political transitions, economic factors, and the nature of the conflicts themselves. It then tests these propositions via duration analysis of an original dataset of economic recovery.
  • DFID KaR Action Research on: Improving transparency, efficiency and effectiveness of pro-poor government services, http://propoorict.ekduniya.net/FinalReportsandToolkits/. This report and toolkit focuses on how ICTs can improve the effectiveness of public service delivery to the poor and vulnerable. The report highlights the results of an action research project that took place between January 2004 and June 2005 in Croatia, India, Nigeria and Pakistan.
  • Economic Freedom of the World 2006 Annual Report, http://www.freetheworld.com/release.html. “FreeTheWorld.com is committed to bringing economic freedom and growth to all the countries of the world. The Economic Freedom Network Index, which ranks 130 countries, is a joint venture involving seventy-one research institutes in seventy-one countries around the world. The purpose of the index is to bring the often forgotten topic of economic freedom into mainstream public debate.”
  • Freedom of Information Around the World 2006 Report, http://www.privacyinternational.org/foi/foisurvey2006.pdf. Privacy International has released the Freedom of Information Around the World 2006 Global Survey of Access to Government Information Laws. The Survey provides a comprehensive review of Freedom of Information Laws and practices in nearly 70 countries around the world. The survey draws attention to the growing movement around the world to adopt FOI laws. In just the past two years, over a dozen countries have adopted new laws and decrees, while dozens more are considering proposals. Important international treaties such as the UN Convention Against Corruption have also gone into force. These laws are being used to fight corruption, make government bodies accountable and promote social and human rights.
  • The Gender Digital Divide in Francophone Africa, a Harsh Reality – Will women really benefit from the digital revolution?, http://tinyurl.com/k9sfn. The book “The Gender Digital Divide in Francophone Africa, a Harsh Reality” first published by ENDA-Tiers Monde in French, has been translated into English by APC, the Association for Progressive Communications.
  • The Gilbert Email Manifesto, http://news.gilbert.org/gem. Written in 2001, this is a significant text on how to use email for advocacy.
  • Guidebook to planning education in emergencies and reconstruction, http://tinyurl.com/za6wt. This guidebook seeks to support educational authorities working to provide access to quality education for children affected by conflict and other emergencies. This guide is mainly directed at national, provincial and district managers of ministries of education in countries affected by emergencies or hosting refugees. The guide highlights the fact that education contribute to the physical, psychosocial, and cognitive protection of children. The primary focus of the guidebook is on providing access to primary and secondary education, all though access to other levels and forms of education are also addressed. Furthermore, this resource departs from providing generic guidelines for dealing with education in emergencies. Rather, the guidebook draws on case studies from different types of contexts and emergencies, and suggests practical strategies that have proven useful for in those contexts.
  • Human Security Report 2005: war and peace in the 21 century, http://tinyurl.com/l2cws. The first Human Security Report documents a dramatic, but largely unknown, decline in the number of wars, genocides and human rights abuse over the past decade. Published by Oxford University Press, the Report argues that the single most compelling explanation for these changes is found in the unprecedented upsurge of international activism, spearheaded by the UN, which took place in the wake of the Cold War.
  • International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law (IJNL), http://www.icnl.org/knowledge/ijnl/index.htm. The International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL)’s quarterly journal of analysis on global civil society. The first publication of its kind, IJNL was founded in 1998 by ICNL to reflect the evolving worldwide conversation about civil society. IJNL addresses legal topics as well as social, cultural, political and economic issues affecting the legal environment. IJNL is electronically distributed without charge to subscribers. To subscribe visit http://www.icnl.org/knowledge/ijnl/subscribe.htm.
  • Internet Filtering in Vietnam 2005-2006, http://www.opennet.net/studies/vietnam/, http://tinyurl.com/rafbx. “[OpenNet Initiative] finds an increase in Internet censorship in Vietnam. Drawing from technical, legal, and political sources, ONI’s research finds that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is focusing its filtering on sites considered threatening to its one-party system. Furthermore, the technical sophistication, breadth, and effectiveness of Vietnam’s filtering are increasing with time. Similar to China, Vietnam has taken a multi-layered approach to controlling the Internet; Vietnam applies technical controls, the law, and education to restrict its citizens’ access to and use of information. Vietnam is carrying out this filtering with a notable lack of transparency – while Vietnam claims its blocking efforts are aimed at safeguarding the country against obscene or sexually explicit content, most of its filtering efforts target sites with politically or religiously sensitive material that could undermine Vietnam’s one-party system. This is the latest in a series of case studies that address Internet filtering by states worldwide.”
  • Measuring democratic governance: a framework for developing for selecting pro-poor and gender sensitive indicators, http://tinyurl.com/eq2r6. The aim of the guide is to provide a framework for generating pro-poor gender sensitive indicators to assist policy-makers monitor and evaluate democratic governance at the country level. The guide uses International IDEA’s Democracy Assessment Framework as the source for the basic principles and values required to derive a set of pro-poor gender sensitive indicators of democratic governance. The methodology of the framework is based on two basic democratic principles, i.e. popular control of public decision-making and decision makers and political equality between citizens. The guide also provides assistance on the ways in which different indicators of governance can better reflect poverty and gender dimensions.
  • Pakistan: The Worsening Conflict in Balochistan, http://tinyurl.com/r35k8. An International Crisis Group report. “Islamabad/Brussels, 14 September 2006: The Balochistan insurgency will not recede until Islamabad ends its heavy-handed, armed response to legitimate Baloch grievances and negotiates matters of political and economic autonomy. Pakistan: The Worsening Conflict in Balochistan,* the latest report from the International Crisis Group, examines the troubled Pakistani province and finds the situation deteriorating in the wake of the killing of Baloch leader Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti in August 2006 and the deadly riots that followed. The conflict will escalate further if the government continues to insist on a military solution to what is a political problem. The international community, especially the U.S., should recognise the price involved for security in neighbouring Afghanistan.
  • Publishing cooperatives: An alternative for non-profit publishers, http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_9/crow/. Article by Raym Crow. “Publishing cooperatives — owned, controlled, and benefiting non–profit publishers — would provide an organizational and financial structure well suited to balancing society publishers’ twin imperatives of financial sustainability and mission fulfillment. Market challenges and structural constraints often render it difficult for small society publishers to compete individually. Publishing cooperatives would allow society publishers to remain independent while operating collectively to overcome both structural and strategic disadvantages and to address the inefficiencies in the market for academic journals. Publishing cooperatives can provide a scaleable publishing model that aligns with the values of the academy while providing a practical financial framework capable of sustaining society publishing programs.”
  • Telecottage Handbook: How to establish and run a successful telecentre, http://tinyurl.com/maogd. “A practical guide to establishing a telecottage as well as a valuable source of experiences and lessons learned, this report was prepared by members of the telecottage movement. The Hungarian experience is used as a reference point throughout the report’s different themes and discussions. This publication is intended for ICT professionals, community development practitioners and public administrators who wish to improve social services delivery at a local level, and who recognize that telecottages can be used in service of individual, local and community poverty reduction.”
  • Understanding the Iran-Hezbollah Connection, http://tinyurl.com/rcoze. A U.S. Institute for Peace (USIP) USIPeace Briefing. “To evaluate Iran’s role in the most recent Israel-Hezbollah fighting and in the dynamic political scene left in its wake, the Institute’s Muslim World Initiative convened a panel featuring several distinguished Iran experts. Vali Nasr, adjunct senior fellow for Middle Eastern Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, addressed the effects of the war on sectarian political dynamics in the region; Hadi Semati, public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, elucidated the internal political scene in Iran; Kenneth Pollack, director of research and senior fellow at The Brookings Institution’s Saban Center for Middle East Policy, discussed the U.S. policy stance toward the region; and Ray Takeyh, senior fellow for Middle East Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, commented on his colleagues’ presentations and offered his outlook on the prospects for the region. Moderating the event was Daniel Brumberg, special advisor to the Institute’s Muslim World Initiative and author of Reinventing Khomeini: The Struggle for Reform in Iran (2001).”
  • World’s Dictators in 2006, http://www.arthuredelstein.org/worlddictators/. “… [A] comprehensive, up-to-date list of the world’s dictators, with photos. We define a dictator as the ruler of a land rated “Not Free” by Freedom House in their annual survey of freedom.”
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