Online Publications:

17 07 2006
  • Advocacy expert series: media guide, http://tinyurl.com/ngk46. The aim of this guide is to provide knowledge and skills to enable NGOs and interested individuals to promote the visibility of their work in the community. Mainly designed for use in Tanzania, the guide presents information that is applicable to other societies with a similar civil society sectors.
  • Annual survey of violations of trade union rights (2006), http://tinyurl.com/rughb. This year’s survey by the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions examines the situation of trade union rights violations all over the world in the period from January to December 2005. In terms of general figures the survey highlights that within this timeframe 15 trade unionists were murdered for defending workers’ rights in 2005, while more than 1,600 were subjected to violent assaults and some 9,000 arrested. Nearly 10,000 workers were sacked for their trade union involvement, and almost 1,700 detained.
  • Beyond Victimhood: Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda http://tinyurl.com/rlckl. An International Crisis Group report. “Countries in crisis and the wider international community must do much more to support women’s involvement in solving Africa’s deadliest conflicts. In Sudan, Congo and Uganda, an array of women’s organizations and leaders are doing remarkable work, under difficult circumstances, especially in community organizations and informal conflict resolution mechanisms. Still, women remain marginalized in formal peace processes and post-conflict governments. Donors and others in the international community all need to do much more to offer sustainable support rather than just rhetoric. It is not merely a question of fairness or equity: women make a difference in part because they often adopt a more inclusive approach toward security and address key social and economic issues that would otherwise be ignored. Peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction and governance work better when women peace activists are involved.”
  • Bolivia’s Rocky Road to Reforms, http://tinyurl.com/s9l38. An International Crisis Group report. “The international community, especially the EU, needs to engage the administration of President Evo Morales about how it can help Bolivia achieve stability. Morales’s December 2005 election profoundly altered the political landscape. There have been some hopeful signs, but nationalization of key economic sectors has strained relations with neighbors and led to protests from Spanish business circles. Morales’s recent decision not to support autonomous regions has serious potential for sparking violent conflict between landowners and landless peasants. If Morales is to succeed and he must if Bolivia is to remain peaceful and stable the international community needs to be understanding and offer support as he grapples with explosive issues of nationalization, constitutional reform, autonomy, drugs and development policy. The EU is best placed to help the new government address these issues.”
  • China’s Charm: Implications of Chinese Soft Power E-mail, http://tinyurl.com/eaxtk Written by Josh Kurlantzick of the Carnegie Endowment [Policy Brief No. 47, June 2006] In a new Policy Brief, China’s Charm: Implications of Chinese Soft Power, Carnegie Visiting Scholar Joshua Kurlantzick analyzes China’s influence and policy tools of soft power and argues that, while China’s rising soft power could prove benign or even beneficial in some respects, it could prove disastrous for Southeast Asiafor democratization, for anticorruption initiatives, and for good governance.
  • Claiming Space: Reconfiguring Women’s Roles in Post-Conflict Situations, 2006, http://tinyurl.com/jnohm. This paper explores the possibilities of using the institutional frameworks of the United Nations and the African Union to include women in peace negotiations, peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction efforts. It contends that women on the African continent can avail of these international rights-based frameworks in their political efforts to achieve equality and political representation. The paper focuses on the violence that women experience in conflict situations and the potential of state policies and practices as corrective measures for gender inequities.
  • Colombia: fostering civil society participation in developing competitive strategies for free trade, http://tinyurl.com/r8kc2. The Fostering Civil Society Participation in Developing Competitive Strategies for Free Trade Project executed from August 2004 to February 2006, complemented two critical initiatives being pursued by the Colombian government during the same period: first, the complex free trade negotiations between the United States and Colombia, and second, the development of an “Internal Agenda for Productivity and Competitiveness” by the Colombian Department of National Planning (“DNP”). The project’s central goal was to expand the dialogue on issues related to the free trade process beyond politicians and large industry players to the broader private sector, NGOs, unions, academia, marginalized populations, professional organizations, and grass roots groups; and, to promote meaningful involvement from civil society in the development of the Internal Agenda.
  • Corruption Fighters’ Tool Kit, http://www.transparency.org/tools/e_toolkit. Created by Transparency International, the Corruption Fighters’ Tool Kit is a compendium of practical civil society anti-corruption experiences described in concrete and accessible language. It presents innovative anti-corruption tools developed and implemented by TI National Chapters and other civil society organizations from around the world. The publication highlights the potential of civil society to create mechanisms for monitoring public institutions and to demand and promote accountable and responsive public administration.
  • Documenting Women’s Rights Violations by Non-state Actors: Activist Strategies from Muslim Communities, http://tinyurl.com/fvo9q. “This manual, specifically addressed to groups and individuals not well versed in legal matters, provides tools to human rights activists and defenders who investigate violence perpetrated against women by non-state actors. Its goal is to offer guidance with regard to the legal definitions and human rights protection mechanisms that may help them compel States to fulfill their obligation to protect. It presents concrete examples of particular forms of violence committed against women by non-state actors and models of strategies that have been used effectively, particularly in Muslim communities.”
  • Ending violence against women and girls: protecting human rights good practices for development cooperation, http://tinyurl.com/p3vcu. Produced by the Deutsche Gessellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit. “This report argues that the root causes of violence against women are dominant gender norms and the unequal power balance between men and women. The report is divided into two main parts. It first describes the international and regional human rights framework related to gender-based violence and demonstrates the disastrous impact of violence against women and girls on human development and how this directly relates to most of the MDGs. The second part offers numerous examples illustrating GTZ’s practical experiences in addressing violence against women and girls in Latin America, Africa and Asia. The authors highlight a number of case studies covering interventions at the micro, meso and macro level, across various sectors, including as education, justice, and the media, involving governmental and non governmental institutions including religious and traditional authorities. The paper emphasizes that in order to prevent gender-based violence, it is essential to address gender stereotypes and the relationship between the two sexes. Therefore, working with men and boys is equally important as supporting women and girls.”
  • Fighting corruption and restoring accountability in Burundi, http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADG057.pdf. One of a series of working papers produced by Nathan Associates Inc. on behalf of the Regional Economic Development Services Office for East and Southern Africa. The objective of the program is to help establish an agenda for promoting economic reform and growth as well as financial transparency in the government of Burundi.
  • First Monday June ’06, http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_6/. This month’s issue stems from their May ’06 conference entitled “Openness: Code, Science, and Content”. Below are a few articles of note:

  • Gender, institutions and development data base, http://tinyurl.com/psss4. “The Gender, Institutions, and Development Data Base (GID) represents a new tool for researchers and policy makers to determine and analyze obstacles to women’s economic development. It covers a total of 162 countries and comprises an array of 50 indicators on gender discrimination. The data base has been compiled from various sources and combines in a systematic and coherent fashion the current empirical evidence that exists on the socio-economic status of women. Its true innovation is the inclusion of institutional variables that range from intrahousehold behavior to social norms. Information on cultural and traditional practices that impact on women’s economic development is coded so as to measure the level of discrimination. Such a comprehensive overview of genderrelated variables and the data base’s specific focus on social institutions make the GID unique, providing a tool-box for a wide range of analytical queries and allowing case-by-case adaptation to specific research or policy questions.”
  • Global Education Digest 2006: comparing education statistics around the world, http://tinyurl.com/jcqfy. Produced by UNESCO Institute of Statistics, this year’s Global Education Digest presents the latest education statistics from primary to tertiary levels in more than 200 countries.
  • Going the last mile: what’s stopping a wireless revolution?, http://www.panos.org.uk/files/wsistoolkit4.pdf. Despite significant advances in wireless technology, more than two-thirds of the world’s population remains without access to communication facilities. In many countries, particularly in the developing world, governments have been slow to reduce restrictions that limit the use of this technology. This brief from Panos London looks at different applications of wireless technology, and its comparative advantage in making communication available to all. It suggests what governments could do to encourage its wider use in everyday life.
  • A Guide to Community Multimedia Centres: how to get started and keep going, http://tinyurl.com/orrg7. “There are growing numbers of grass-root communication and information service providers in the developing countries today. They are operating community radio stations, multipurpose telecentres, information centers, community learning centers and –in a few cases– community multimedia centers (CMCs) that already combine both radio and telecentre facilities. This book is intended to be of use to all those wanting to become involved or already involved in such initiatives — staff and managers, community groups, NGOs working for community empowerment, communication planners supporting development activities, trainers and project partners.”
  • Handbook on Establishing Effective Labour Migration Policies in Countries of Origin and Destination, http://tinyurl.com/qqpaz. The aim of this handbook by the International Organization for Migration is to assist States in their efforts to develop new policy approaches, solutions, and practical measures for better management of labour migration in countries of origin and of destination. It analyses effective policies and practices and draws upon examples from Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) participating States as well as other countries that have considerable experience in this field.
  • How Chechnya Voted (in Russian), http://tinyurl.com/e79kn. Author, Alexey Malashenko, a witness of elections in Chechnya in 1997, 2003, 2004 and 2005, goes over his previous interviews and publications and provides his comments from a current perspective.
  • Human Rights, Trade and Investment Matter, http://tinyurl.com/nl5gg. Amnesty International has compiled a collection of articles on trade, investment and human rights, examining the linkages between economic globalization and human rights.
  • India, Pakistan and Kashmir: Stabilizing a Cold Peace, http://tinyurl.com/mgpt9. An International Crisis Group new report. “Kashmir remains a potential flashpoint. Although the ceasefire there has been holding, the normalization process between India and Pakistan is reversible. Unless the two nuclear-armed powers work harder at advancing it, a resumption of conflict is still possible. Pakistan must end support for militancy in Kashmir. India should reduce its heavy security presence in order to remove a major source of Kashmiri disaffection. Both sides would save the lives of their soldiers and neutralize Pakistani spoilers by agreeing to resolve the dispute over the Siachen Glacier. Above all, the two neighbors need to end the cycle of mutual recriminations and prove to Kashmiris that they value their welfare over narrow interests. Progress is likely to remain frustratingly slow, and international support is essential to sustain the process and consolidate its gains.”
  • An Introduction to the Human Trafficking Assessment Tool: An Assessment Tool Based on the Protocol to Prevent, http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADF967.pdf. Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime.
  • The Islamic Alternative and the Islamist Project (in Russian), http://tinyurl.com/fur6r. “Islamism has become an abiding factor in global politics, one which will exert influence on the international political situation for the foreseeable future. Islamism is a varied and contradictory theological-political phenomenon; an informed understanding of it will to a large degree determine the extent to which international stability can be maintained in the years ahead. Alexei Malashenko here presents his vision of the place of Islamism in the Muslim world, the goals which the Islamists have set for themselves and the “Islamist Project” in historical perspective.”
  • Justice Initiatives: The Extraordinary Chambers, http://tinyurl.com/e8oc7. “Thirty years after the Khmer Rouge took powerand following years of negotiations between the UN and the Cambodian governmentthe Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia are finally preparing to try the remaining Khmer Rouge leaders. This issue of Justice Initiatives, a publication of the Open Society Justice Initiative, offers a comprehensive review of the tribunal and examines the challenges of securing justice for the victims of the Khmer Rouge.”
  • Measuring Empowerment in Practice: Structuring Analysis and Framing Indicators, 2005, http://tinyurl.com/qg2ru. The analytical framework described by this paper operates from the standpoint that empowerment is a person’s capacity to make effective choices and transform choices into desired actions and outcomes. Further, the extent or degree to which a person is empowered is influenced by personal agency (the capacity to make a purposive choice) and opportunity structure (the institutional context in which choice is made). Various indicators are suggested to measure these components to determine degrees of empowerment and the entire framework is put to the test through development interventions in Ethiopia, Nepal, Honduras and Mexico. The module can be used alone or be integrated into country-level poverty or governance monitoring systems that seek to add an empowerment dimension to their analysis.
  • Palestinians, Israel and the Quartet: Pulling Back from the Brink http://tinyurl.com/mjh56. An International Crisis Group new report. “The Israeli-Palestinian situation is heading towards catastrophic breakdown, and all players must urgently revise their policies. Palestinians are inching towards civil war, Israelis and Palestinians are perilously close to resuming all-out hostilities, and the international community is depriving the Palestinian Authority of vital assistance. Missing from strategies to dislodge Hamas is a realistic assessment of their longer-term consequences. Starved of resources, Hamas may well fail, but it would not go quietly, and the resulting chaos and violence would make it hard to chalk up its failure as anybody’s success. Required is a more nuanced international approach with the following objectives: avoiding inter-Palestinian violence and the Palestinian Authority’s collapse; encouraging Hamas to adopt more pragmatic policies, not merely threatening; achieving a sustained ceasefire; and preventing steps jeopardizing a two-state solution.”
  • Poverty and employability effects of workfare programs in Argentina, http://tinyurl.com/qsmaj. “Argentina’s economic downturn of 11 percent in 2002 saw poverty and unemployment hit record numbers, with more than 50 percent of Argentine households living below the poverty line and a 20 percent unemployment rate. The government has responded by upgrading the existing workfare programmes by extended their benefits from 100,000 to 2 million people. This paper assesses the poverty, targeting and employability impacts of the existing policy from 1993- 2002, thereby highlighting implications for the recently extended programme.”
  • Practical Guide to International and Regional Human Rights Instruments Applicable in Sierra Leone, http://tinyurl.com/oj5lx.
  • Public Service Broadcasting: A Best Practices Sourcebook, http://tinyurl.com/lqwly. “[The publication] aims at providing information on core concepts of Public Service Broadcasting (PSB) to media professionals, decision makers, students and the general public. The handbook was prepared in cooperation with major international and regional professional organizations, broadcasting unions, and individual experts. “
  • Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources, 2006, http://tinyurl.com/ep2ck. Prepared by United Nations Population Fund as a briefing paper for the Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond, this document examines the nature and scope of violence against war-affected women and children, provides an overview of existing programs and resources to combat it, and ends with an assessment of progress and challenges.
  • Trafficking in Persons Report, 2006, http://tinyurl.com/s7hhx. This report by the US State Department is intended to “raise global awareness, to highlight the growing efforts of the international community to combat human trafficking, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective actions to counter all forms of trafficking in persons. The Report has increasingly focused the efforts of a growing community of nations on sharing information and partnering in new and important ways. A country that fails to make significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking in persons, per U.S. law, receives a “Tier 3″ assessment in this Report. Such an assessment could trigger the withholding of non-humanitarian, non-trade-related assistance from the United States to that country.”
  • Uribe’s Re-election: Can the EU Help Colombia Develop a More Balanced Peace Strategy? http://tinyurl.com/duuo5. An International Crisis Group report. “To end Colombia’s 40-year armed conflict, its re-elected president needs to balance security efforts with policies addressing the war’s root causes, lawfully reinserting ex-combatants and advancing peace talks with the guerrillas. Following lvaro Uribe’s 28 May landslide victory, a comprehensive three-tier National Peace and Development Strategy is needed to complement military efforts. Uribe needs not only to maintain military pressure on the insurgents, particularly the largest group, the FARC, but also to recognize a political response is required that focuses on a peace strategy and addresses key regional/municipal development issues. The international community, particularly the EU, which has long put emphasis on more balanced policies, should encourage Uribe to do this, and if he does, then contribute decisively to achieving greater progress toward peace during the next four years.”
  • Women as Participants and Victims of Conflict, 2006, http://tinyurl.com/ztrt2 “This paper looks at women in conflict as victims of violence and also as active participants. It highlights the idea that women are often overlooked as valuable participants in peace negotiations, peace building and post-conflict activities because these have traditionally been male-dominated domains. Further, the author argues, women are excluded from peace discussions because they are viewed as victims, lack the organizational force to bring their own strategies to the table and often present non-traditional interventions for peace. The paper concludes by listing several opportunities for reflecting a gender perspective in the peace process, including the ideas that women’s peace activism encompasses concerns for food security, access to land, forest, water and other resources, and therefore contribute to justice and human security; numerous studies have noted that gender roles change during conflict and can entail positive potential for social changes in gender relations; women peace negotiators understand and articulate the implications of peace processes for women better than male negotiators.”
  • Women’s Empowerment: An Annotated Bibliography, 2006, http://www.bridge.ids.ac.uk/bibliographies.htm. Compiled by BRIDGE, this bibliography gathers together a range of materials that discuss women’s empowerment from varied perspectives in order to provide an accessible introduction to key concepts, approaches and debates. The resource is divided into four sections: key texts, policy and practice, evaluation and critiques/debates.
  • Women Talk Peace: Radio Productions on UNSCR 1325, 2005-2006, http://www.iwtc.org/2983/index.html. The International Women’s Tribune Centre (IWTC) has produced two sets of prototype radio programs about UNSCR 1325 in partnership with community broadcasters in the Philippines and Uganda. The first set was dubbed and broadcast in English and Filipino for an audience in the Philippines and other parts of Asia. The second set was made available in English,Luganda and Swahili for listeners in Uganda and other conflict-affected countries in Africa. All programs are available online in .mp3 format, as are the scripts.
  • World Development Indicators 2006, http://tinyurl.com/o29w2. World Bank’s annual compilation of data about development. The 2006 WDI includes more than 900 indicators in over 80 tables organized in six sections: World View, People, Environment, Economy, States and Markets, and Global Links.
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