Online Publications

2 02 2006

America’s Place in the World 2005: opinion leaders turn cautious, public looks homeward, A Pew publication from the Council on Foreign Relations web site. A quadrennial poll on foreign policy issues finds both the public and U.S. opinion leaders taking a decidedly cautious view of America’s place in the world, reflecting concerns about the war abroad and growing problems at home.

Azerbaijan Parliamentary Election: Statement of Preliminary Findings & Conclusions, From the Council on Foreign Relations web site. This OSCE statement declares that the November 6, 2005 elections in Azerbaijan failed to meet various OSCE and EU standards for democratic elections. Harassment and violation of civil rights of candidates, an inadequate process of voter registration, and random detentions were among the issues cited.

Azerbaijan’s 2005 Elections: Lost Opportunity, An International Crisis Group new briefing. “As with previous elections, Azerbaijan failed to demonstrate commitment to democracy and reform in its 6 November parliamentary vote. Instead, there was fraud nationwide. The international community should make it clear to President Ilham Aliyev that the quality of relations depends on movement toward genuine democracy, and it should continue pressing for a democratic outcome of the 2005 elections. If the government does not continue to take steps to redress election violations, and particularly if it uses violence or arrests against peaceful opposition demonstrators, the following actions should be considered: by the EU, putting on hold its talks with the government about its new Action Plan; by the U.S. and others, initiating a diplomatic embargo on high-level visits; and by the Council of Europe, taking steps toward suspending Azerbaijan’s membership.”

The Business Climate in Ukraine: the Current Situation and Expectations, (English), (Ukrainian). This CIPE report presents the results of a poll of 117 representatives of national and regional-level business associations in Ukraine. It was commissioned by CIPE for the “Ukraine: Business and Economic Priorities” conference organized by CIPE and two of its Ukrainian partners, the Institute for Competitive Society and the Ukrainian Center for Independent Political Research. The survey was conducted by the polling firm KPD 100 in October 2005, and the questionnaire and final analysis were completed by the Institute for Competitive Society.

Caucasus Research Resource Centers’ 2005 Data Initiative Survey Released Results of the 2005 Data Initiative Survey conducted by the Caucasus Research Resource Centers. This regional survey on household economic behavior and social attitudes was conducted simultaneously in all three South Caucasus countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.

Central Asia’s Second Chance, (Russian). “A leading authority on Central Asia offers a sweeping review of the region’s path from independence to the post-9/11 world. The first decade of independence was disappointing for those who envisioned a straightforward transition from Soviet republics to independent states with market economies and democratic political systems. Leaders excused political failures by pointing to security risks, including the presence of terrorist training camps in Afghanistan. The situation changed dramatically after 9/11: the camps were largely destroyed and the United States introduced a military presence. More importantly, the international community engaged with these states, to give them a “second chance” to address social and economic problems. But neither the aid-givers nor recipients were willing to approach problems in new ways. Now, terrorists groups are once again making their presence felt, and some states may be becoming global security risks. The book explores how the region squandered its second chance and what might happen next.”

China: Threats, Risks and Challenges to Development, (Russian). “The book analyzes modern threats risks, and challenges to China’s development, and evaluates the probability of economic and political crises inside China and the possible aftermath for China and for the global economy and politics. The monograph is written in the way of “constructive and benevolent criticism”. The authors, as they see it, address these issues from the point of view of the objective interests of China and the world community, including Russia. The publication is targeted to foreign affairs experts, political elites, lecturers and university students, and to readers interested in China’s development issues.”

Communication Skills For Women In Politics. A new manual from the KETHI Research Centre For Gender Equality by Lesley Abdela, which is aimed at women in newly-established or impending Democracies or women fresh to politics in existing Democracies. It has been designed as a practical tool-kit for trainers to use in workshops for future women politicians and for training activists campaigning for a rapid increase in women’s participation in politics. The manual is funded by the European Union and the Greece’s Secretariat for Equality in the context of a European project titled ‘Parity In Decision-Making’, and is available in English, Greek, Hungarian and Bulgarian. For a copy e-mail or Lesley Abdela, Senior Partner, Shevolution, on

The Dangers of Political Exclusion: Egypt’s Islamist Problem, A CEIP paper. “The Egyptian government has allowed the religious establishment to increase its control on Egyptian politics and society in an attempt to tighten the influence of more radical Islamist organizations. In this new Carnegie paper, Bassma Kodmani writes a case study on the relationship between religious authority and political authority in Egypt.”

Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation and the Code of Conduct for International Election Observers, Published by the National Democratic Institute (NDI), this document is a common set of standards for professional, impartial and effective election observation has been adopted by more than 20 organizations involved in monitoring international elections. “This Declaration is a major landmark in developing an international consensus on the standards for election observation,” said NDI Chairman and former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. “It brings together an unprecedented group of international organizations in support of the principles of international election observation.”

False Freedom: Online Censorship in the Middle East and North Africa, This Human Rights Watch report examines Internet trends and policies in the Middle East and North Africa region as they affect freedom of expression, focusing particularly on Egypt, Iran, Syria, and Tunisia. For each of the featured countries, HRW examines government policies affecting Internet access, the role the Internet has played in fostering freedom of expression and civil society, laws restricting free expression, online censorship, and cases in which people have been detained for their online activities.

2005 Human Security Report, Published by the Human Security Centre, the report tracks and analyses trends in political violence around the world. The report maps the incidence, intensity, causes and consequences of global violence and policy responses to that violence.

Nepal’s New Alliance: the Mainstream Parties and the Maoists, Report by the International Crisis Group. “The just announced alliance of Nepal’s Maoists and mainstream parties has created a new dynamic. If managed carefully, the resulting process of further talks could strengthen democracy and help address weaknesses in the 1990 multiparty constitution and the parties that have embodied it. The new agreement, though vague on many key points including the rebels’ arms, restoration of parliament and the fate of the monarchy, about which there is only agreement to disagree, identifies a possible structure for peace talks – progressing via interim arrangements to a constitutional assembly and disarmament. The parties’ willingness to make a deal with the rebels has raise d the stakes. Theirs is only a bilateral process; other crucial players, notably the palace, are excluded. It could prompt a violent backlash if the monarchy feels threatened.”

Originality Instead of Modernization, (Russian). “The book is devoted to issues of modernization in post-Soviet Russia, particularly why the modernization choice, which at a certain time became the starting point for Russia’s social-economic and political transformation, was not chosen by society and the ruling circles. The author arrives at the conclusion that instead of real modernization, Russia is once again searching a particular path of development, which would allow it to adapt to new world realities, while at the same time avoiding serious internal changes.”

Political Parties and Democracy in Theoretical and Practical Perspectives, A new research series available for download on NDI’s web site. The papers explore four topics central to the role and function of political parties:
“Political Finance Policy, Parties and Democratic Development,” by Dr. Michael Johnston, offers an analysis of political finance policy, with a primary focus on societies where democracy is relatively new or emerging from crisis.
“Adopting Party Law,” by Dr. Kenneth Janda, provides cautions leaders should heed and outlines questions to consider in devising party law. In addition, a database of party laws created by Dr. Janda will soon be made available via NDI’s web site.
“Implementing Intra-Party Democracy,” by Dr. Susan Scarrow, discusses the advantages and risks of intra-party democracy and examines some of the questions parties may face in developing more inclusive decision-making procedures.
“Developments in Party Communications,” by Dr. Pippa Norris, focuses on communication channels parties can use to strengthen their linkages with citizens, and communication policies governments can adopt to improve free and fair party competition.

Reading Russia Right, A CEIP Policy Brief. “After the fall of Communism, Russia reverted to czarism. But more importantly, Russia embraced capitalism. Although not democratic, Russia is largely free. Property rights are more deeply anchored than they were five years ago, and the once-collectivist society is going private. Indeed, private consumption is the main driver of economic growth. Russia’s future now depends heavily on how fast a middle class –a self-identified group with personal stakes in having a law-based government accountable to tax payers– can be created. The West needs to take the long view, stay engaged, and maximize contacts, especially with younger Russians.”

Religion and Globalization across Eurasia, (Russian). “This volume brings together papers delivered at a series of seminars on religion and globalization in Eurasia, which were sponsored by the Carnegie Moscow Center and organized by its program on Ethnicity and Nation-Building. The program is co-chaired by Aleksei Malashenko, a scholar-in-residence with the Carnegie Moscow Center, and Martha Brill Olcott, a senior associate with the Carnegie Endowment. During the 2003-2004 academic year, the Ethnicity and Nation-Building program paid particular attention to the correlation between the development of world religions and the process of globalization. The book considers seven major religious trends: Buddhism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Islam, Protestantism, Russian Orthodox and paganism. Each chapter except the first focuses on a specific religion — its current state and its development under the modern pressures of globalization.”

Russia and the Information Revolution, This report from the RAND Corporation looks at how Russia is utilizing various forms of information and communication technologies to modernize business and industry, stimulate economic growth, and enhance the quality of life for Russian peoples. With significant funding from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the report (authored by D. J. Peterson) is based on six years of research in this area, and contains chapters on the role of information technology in Russian society, government, and concludes with a brief summary of key findings. Data in the report also receives nice visual representation through a host of charts, tables, and figures.

Russia versus the United States and Europe—or “Strategic Triangle”?, “The publication represents the result of activities of a working group formed by academic specialists of the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP) in Berlin, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C., and the Carnegie Moscow Center. The task which the group had set itself was to analyze the significance of developments in Russian domestic and foreign policy; evaluate current European and American reactions; and assess the prospects for coordination of Western policies. The effort constituted part of a larger project entitled: “Diverging Views on World Order? Transatlantic Foreign Policy Discourse in a Globalizing World” made possible by a grant from the German Marshall Fund of the United States.”

Surveying Internet Usage and Impact in Five Chinese Cities, According to a new study on Internet use in China by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, a typical Chinese Internet user is a young male who prefers instant messaging to e-mail, rarely makes online purchases, and favours news, music, and games sites. Three-quarters of users surveyed have never bought anything over the Internet, and only 10 percent make purchases even once a month.

“Thank you, Father Kim Il Sung”: Eyewitness Accounts of Severe Violations of Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion in North Korea, Released by the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, the report presents evidence based on extensive, in-depth interviews with North Korean refugees and escapees on the policies used by the North Korean government to stamp out religious faith and practice, including eyewitness accounts of public executions of religious believers and indoctrination sessions at “Kim Il Sung Revolutionary Research Centers.”

Towards an African E-Index, Based on a survey completed during the course of 2004 and 2005, this report is the result of a demand study of individuals and households and how ICT’s are used across 10 African countries.

Why Did the Poorest Countries Fail to Catch Up?, A CEIP paper. “Despite the promises made by globalization, in the last twenty years the world’s poorest countries have fallen further behind the rich. In a new Carnegie Paper, Branko Milanovic debunks current development theories that explain why poorer countries have not reaped the rewards of global economic integration. Using statistical analysis, Milanovic finds that the higher likelihood of poor countries to be involved in wars and civil conflicts is the most important determinant for their lack of growth while, surprisingly, the effects of domestic reforms or international lending were minimal.”




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